Medical specialists in the field of Allergy and Immunology treat disorders related to how the body reacts to foreign substances . They treat such things as seasonal allergies, eczema, asthma, food and drug allergies and AIDS. An allergy is an abnormal, acquired sensitivity to a given substance, including pollen, drugs, or numerous environmental triggers. The pathophysiology of allergic responses can be divided into two phases; firstly the acute response, which can then either subside or progress into a "late phase response" which can substantially prolong the symptoms of a response.
In the United States, physicians who hold certification by the American Board of Allergy and Immunology (ABAI) are medical doctors who have successfully completed an accredited educational program and an evaluation process, including a secure, proctored examination to demonstrate the knowledge, skills, and experience to the provision of patient care in allergy and immunology. To become an allergy and immunology specialist, medical school graduates must complete three years of training in an internal medicine or pediatric residency program, followed by an additional two years of training in an allergy and immunology residency program. Once physicians have finished training in one of these specialties, they must pass the exam of either the American Board of Pediatrics or the American Board of Internal Medicine. Internists or pediatricians who wish to focus on the sub-specialty of allergy-immunology then complete at least an additional two years of study, called a fellowship, in an allergy-immunology training program. Allergist-immunologists who are listed as ABAI-certified have successfully passed the certifying examination of the ABAI, following their fellowship.
Drug therapies can help alleviate the symptoms of allergy but play little role in chronic alleviation of the disorder. They can play an imperative role in the acute recovery of someone suffering from anaphylaxis, which is why those allergic to bee stings, peanuts, nuts, and shellfish often carry a device for giving an emergency injection of epinephrine with them at all times. Knowing any allergies that a patient may have is important in a clinical setting. Full allergy history is taken down when obtaining a medical history of a patient. This ensures that no contradictory treatments are prescribed, endangering the patient.
Immunotherapy, once called hyposensitization, is a treatment in which the patient is gradually vaccinated with progressively larger doses of the allergen in question. This can either reduce the severity or eliminate hypersensitivity altogether. Studies have demonstrated the long-term efficacy and the preventive effect of immunotherapy in reducing the development of new allergy.
Medical Opinions Associates has Board-certified medical experts in Allergy and Immunology on its panel of medical experts. One such expert has extensive training and experience in allergy, immunology, and asthma. He is the developer of a widely-used asthma protocol currently in use by many asthmatics. He also has extensive experience with mold issues and is a Harvard University trained structural acupuncturist. Another medical expert is a Fellow of the American College of Allergists and is further certified in Pediatric Allergy. He has been in the practice of Adult and Pediatric Allergy in New Jersey and served as Assistant Clinical Professor of Allergy and Clinical Immunology at a large New York City hospital’s College of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics.