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Cardiology Medical Experts


Cardiology is the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of heart diseases. Cardiologists investigate patients with suspected heart disease by taking an extensive history of the patient's condition, and performing a complete physical examination.  A cardiologist is a physician who is certified to treat problems of the cardiovascular system—the heart, arteries, and veins. Cardiology is a sub-specialty of internal medicine.

Knowledge of internal medicine and other specialties is required to obtain certification. The field of cardiology is commonly divided in the branches of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology. Cardiologists provide continuing care of heart patients, doing basic heart-function studies, supervising therapy, including drug therapy, and working closely with heart surgeons.

Interventional cardiology is a branch of the medical specialty of cardiology that deals specifically with the catheter based treatment of structural heart diseases.A large number of procedures can be performed on the heart by catheterization. This most commonly involves the insertion of a sheath into the femoral artery (but, in practice, any large peripheral artery or vein) and cannulating the heart under X-ray visualization. Invasive procedures of the heart to treat arrhythmias are performed by specialists in clinical cardiac electrophysiology. Surgery of the heart is done by specialists in Cardiothoracic Surgery. Some interventional cardiology procedures are only performed when there is cardiothoracic surgery expertise in the hospital, in case of complications.

Cardiology deals with a multiplicity of disorders involving the heart and its properties.  There are problems involving cardiac pacemakers and disorders of coronary circulation (e.g. artherosclerosis, restenosis, coronary heart disease, angina, etc.) and they can range in severity from chronic conditions to sudden cardiac death (the abrupt cessation of blood flow, leading to cardiac arrest and death). Cardiologists also deal with disorders of the myocardium (heart muscle) such as cardiomyopathy and ischemia, congestive heart failure, ventricular hypertrophy and dsiorders of the pericardium (outer lining) such as pericarditis and pericardial tamponade. There are also disorders of  the heart valves, including the aortic valve,  mitral valve, pulmonary valve, andothers. There are disorders of the heart’s electrical conductivity such as tachycardia, cardiac arrhythmias, atrial fibrillation, that are diagnosed and treated with cardiac electrophysiology. There are also inflammatory conditions and infections of the heart  such as endocarditis and pericarditis as wel as congenital defects such as septal defects and diseases of blood vessels (vascular diseases) suchc as vasculitis and aneurysms.

Cardiology training generally involves at least five years of postgraduate training including three years of internal medicine training. For board certification in cardiology, physicians must first be board certified in internal medicine. Then, for cardiologists who began training prior to 1989, two years of subspecialty training in cardiology was required. For physicians beginning training after 1989 board certification in cardiology requires three years of subspecialty training in cardiology. While most cardiologists are trained in all aspects of cardiology, areas of special expertise include cardiac catheterization and coronary angiography, interventional procedures including angioplasty and artherectomy, echocardiography, nuclear cardiology, electrophysiology (diagnosis and treatment of cardiac arrhythmias), exercise testing, and cardiac rehabilitation.

Medical Opinions Associates can arrange for the services of medical experts in the field of Cardiology to help with your medical issues.  One such expert is the Chairman of the Cardiology Department at a large Atlanta hospital and is part of a group practice in Atlanta.  He is also an Interventional Cardiologist with special training in cardiac catheterization and special interest in Transradial Coronary Interventions. He has his Board-certification in Interventional Cardiology as well as Cardiovascular Diseases. This widely-published clinician is a graduate of the Cornell University Medical College. Another of Medical Opinions’ Cardiology experts is Board-certified in Cardiology, Electrocardiography, Nuclear Cardiology, and Internal Medicine. He is a staff Cardiologist in a private group practice and is Director of the Lipid Clinic at a well-known diagnostic center. Among our Cardiology panelists is a Connecticut physician who graduated Summa Cum Laude from Harvard University and obtained his MD at Johns Hopkins Medical School. His most recent academic appointment is as Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine in Cardiology at the Cornell University Medical School and is an attending physician in the Department of Cardiology at a major New York hospital. We also have a Vermont-based Cardiology expert who received his undergraduate degree at Rutgers University and his Medical Degree at Cornell University Medical School.  He is also Board-certified in Cardiovascular Diseases and is an Assistant Professor of Medicine and Radiology in the University of Vermont College of Medicine.

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