General Surgery Medical Experts
General surgery is the surgical specialty that deals with most surgical problems, focusing mainly on the abdomen and its contents. General Surgery includes a central core of knowledge embracing anatomy, physiology, metabolism, immunology, nutrition, pathology, wound healing, shock and resuscitation, intensive care, and neoplasia.
It also includes surgical treatment of abdominal organs, e.g. intestines, including esophagus, stomach, colon, liver, gallbladder and bile ducts, hernias, and often the thyroid gland (depending on the availability of head and neck surgery specialists). In addition, In the United States, the overall responsibility for trauma care falls under the auspices of general surgery, some general surgeons obtaining advanced training and specialty certification in this field alone. In the last few years minimaly-invasive surgery has become more prevalent. Considerable enthusiasm has been expressed about robotic surgery (AKA robotic-assisted surgery).
The American Board of Surgery (ABS) is an independent, non-profit organization founded in 1937 for the purpose of certifying surgeons who have met a defined standard of education, training and knowledge. Surgeons certified by the ABS, known as diplomates, have completed a minimum of five years of surgical training and successfully completed a written and oral examination process. The ABS currently certifies surgeons in the following fields: surgery (general surgery), pediatric surgery, vascular surgery, surgical critical care, and surgery of the hand.
In the United States, general surgery is a five-year residency and follows completion of medical school. Surgeons are trained to use a variety of diagnostic techniques for observing internal structures and to use specialized instruments during operative procedures. Up to 2 years of additional training is required to practice in one of the subspecialty areas. Following high school, it takes approximately thirteen years to make a fuly licensed general surgeon (four years undergraduate training, four years medical school and five years residency). In many countries general surgery is a prerequiste for subsepcialization in vascular surgery, thoracic surgery, and cardiac surgery. In addition, surgeons can receive training in other subspecialties: Hand Surgery - expertise in the investigation, preservation, and restoration by medical, surgical and rehabilitative means, of all structures of the hand and wrist; Pediatric Surgery - expertise in surgical conditions in premature and newborn infant, children and adolescents; and Surgical Critical Care - expertise in the critically ill and postoperative patient, particularly the trauma victim and those with multiple organ dysfunction.
A surgeon manages a broad spectrum of surgical conditions affecting almost any area of the body. The surgeon establishes the diagnosis and provides the preoperative, operative, and postoperative care to surgical patients and is usually responsible for the comprehensive management of the trauma victim and the critically ill surgical patient.
Medical Opinions Associates has Board-certified medical experts in General Surgery on its national panel of medical experts. One of our medical experts in General Surgery received his Medical Degree from Yale University and is currently in private practice in Minnesota, having received further certification in Advanced Cardiac and Advanced Trauma Life Support and certification by the National Board of Medical Examiners. His clinical interests include laparoscopic, gastrointestinal, endoscopic, and vascular surgery. Another General Surgery medical expert is also in private practice in New Jersey, with responsibilities including general, laparoscopic, and vascular surgery. An extensively-published Missouri General Surgeon panel member is Board-certified in both General Surgery and Colon and Rectal Surgery. Another of our General Surgery medical experts is an Assistant Professor of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, having held the position of Administrative Chief Resident, Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine. He holds Board certifications in Cardiac and Trauma Life Support as well as General and Pediatric Surgery.