Hand surgery is the special field of medicine that includes the investigation, preservation, and restoration by medical, surgical, and rehabilitative means of all structures of the upper extremity directly affecting the form and function of the hand and wrist, and forearm. Hand surgeons may care for these problems without surgery, and they are specially trained to operate when necessary. Many hand surgeons are also experts in diagnosing and caring for shoulder and elbow problems. Some hand surgeons treat only children, some treat only adults, and some treat both.
Hand surgeons are orthopedic, plastic or general surgeons who have additional training in surgery of the hand. To become members of the American Society for Surgery of the Hand, hand surgeons must take a full year of additional training and must pass a rigorous certifying examination. Plastic surgeons are said to be particularly well suited to handle traumatic hand and digit amputations that require a "replant" operation. Plastic surgeons are trained to reconstruct all aspects to salvage the appendage: blood vessels, nerves, tendons, muscle, bone. Orthopaedic surgeons are particularly well suited to handle complex fractures of the hand and injuries to the carpal bones that alter the mechanics of the wrist. Hand surgeons perform a wide variety of operations such as fracture repairs, nerve decompressions, releases, transfeer and repairs of tendons and reconstruction of injuries, rheumatoid deformities and congenital defects.
Our hands serve many purposes. Hands help us eat, dress, write, earn a living, create art, and do many other activities. To do these tasks and activities, our hands require sensation and movement, such as joint motion, tendon gliding, and muscle contraction. When a problem takes place in the hand, care must be given to all the different types of tissues that make function of the hand possible. The following are some hand conditions often treated by hand surgeons:
- Carpal tunnel syndrome
- Tennis elbow
- Wrist pain
- Cuts on the fingers and hand
- Sports injuries to the hand and wrist
- Creating fingers from toes and other joints
Medical Opinions Associates has physician specialists in hand surgery to review medical malpractice and personal injury cases. One of Medical Opinions Associates’ medical experts in this area is Board –certified in Plastic Surgery and has a Certificate of Added Qualification in Surgery of the hand. He heads the Division of Plastic Surgery in a large New York City Medical Center and has served as Chief, Hand Surgery, at another New York City Medical Center. He has published widely and also serves as Clinical Assistant Professor in a Brooklyn hospital. Another panel medical expert is Board-certified in Orthopedic Surgery with further certification in Hand Surgery and Sports Medicine. He is a graduate of Cornell University and the University of Chicago Medical School. He is widely-published as well and is in private practice in Colorado.