Internal medicine is the specialty concerned with the diagnosis and nonsurgical treatment of diseases in adults, especially of internal organs. Doctors of internal medicine, also called "internists", are required to have included in their medical schooling and postgraduate training at least three years dedicated to learning how to prevent, diagnose, and treat diseases that affect adults. While the name "internal medicine" may lead one to believe that internists only treat "internal" problems, this is not the case. Doctors of internal medicine treat the whole person, not just internal organs.
The Internist is a personal physician who provides long-term comprehensive care in the office and the hospital, managing both common and complex illness of adolescents, adults and the elderly. They are trained in the diagnosis and treatment of cancer, infections, and diseases affecting the heart, blood, kidneys, joints and digestive, respiratory and vascular systems. They are also trained in the essentials of primary care internal medicine which incorporates an understanding of disease prevention, wellness, substance abuse, mental health and effective treatment of common problems of the eyes, ears, skin, nervous system, and reproductive organs.
Internal medicine subspecialists may also practice general internal medicine, but can focus their practice on their particular subspecialty like cardiology or pulmonology after completing a fellowship. (Additional training of 2-3 years). Internists can "subspecialize" in one of 13 areas of internal medicine, generally organized by organ system. Cardiologists, for example, are doctors of internal medicine who subspecialize in diseases of the heart. The training an internist receives to subspecialize in a particular medical area is both broad and deep. Subspecialty training (often called a "fellowship") usually requires an additional one to three years beyond the standard three year general internal medicine residency. (Residencies come after a student has graduated from medical school).The American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) is the U.S. board that sets the standards and certifies the knowledge, skills and attitudes of physicians who practice in Internal Medicine and its subspecialties.
Internal medicine is a medical specialty dedicated to the diagnosis and medical treatment of adults. Adult Primary care is usually provided by either Family Practice or general Internal Medicine physicians. The primary care of adolescents is provided by Family practice, internists and pediatricians. The primary care of children and infants is provided by Family Practice or Pediatricians. Thus, there is some overlap.
Medical Opinions Associates has a panel of Board-certified Internists to provide medical expert review, documentation, and testimony. For example, one of our Internist medical experts is a Harvard M.D. who, in addition to having an active private practice, is presently a Clinical Instructor of Medicine at the Indiana University School of Medicine. He is also on the Board of Editors of a well-known Medical Journal. Another is a primary care physician at a Northwestern University Medical Group, having received his M.D. from the same university. He also serves as a hospitalist for a healthcare group. Another of our Internal Medicine medical experts is on the clinical faculty at Yale University and has been Medical Director of a convalescent home and has particular expertise in nursing home care. To illustrate the range of experience available, one of our Internists focuses his medical practice on internal medicine and geriatrics. He handles complicated geriatric problems in both inpatient and long-term care settings. MOA has other geriatric experts as well, including one who is not only Board-certified in Internal Medicine, but is also certified and recertified by the American Board of Geriatrics.