Pharmacology Medical Experts
Pharmacology concerns itself with how drugs interact with living organisms to produce a change in function. If substances have medicinal properties, they are considered pharmaceuticals. The field encompasses drug composition and properties, drug intercations, toxicology, therapy, and medical applications. Integrating a depth of knowledge in many related scientific disciplines, pharmacologists offer a unique perspective to solving drug-, hormone-, and chemical-related problems which impinge on human health.
Pharmacology is not the same as pharmacy, though the two are sometimes confused. Pharmacology deals with how drugs interact within biological systems to affect function, while pharmacy is concerned with the safe and effective use of medicines. Pharmacy is a separate discipline in the health sciences. It is the profession responsible for the preparation, dispensing, and appropriate use of medication. Pharmacists provide services to achieve optimal therapeutic outcomes.
The study of chemicals requires intimate knowledge of the biological system affected. With the knowledge of cell biology and biochemistry increasing, the field of pharmacology has also changed substantially. It has become possible, through molecular analysis of receptors, to design chemicals that act on specific cellular signaling or metabolic pathways. Clinical pharmacology is the study of how drugs work, how they interact with other drugs, how their effects can alter the disease process, and how disease can alter their effects. Clinical pharmacologists are in the forefront of research using data from the human genome project to determine how and why individuals respond differently to drugs.
A chemical has, from the pharmacological point-of-view, various properties. Pharmacokinetics describes the effect of the body on the chemical (e.g. half-life and volume of distribution), and pharmacodynamics describes the chemical's effect on the body (desired or toxic). Various questions are raised: How is the medication absorbed (through the skin, the intestine, the oral mucosa)? How does it spread through the organism? Is the medication converted chemically inside the body, and into which substances. Are these active? Could they be toxic? How is the medication eliminated (through the bile, urine, breath, skin)?
Medical Opinions Associates has medical exerts in Pharmacology who review medical records, draft opinion letters, and provide on-going litigation support. One of our Pharmacology experts is a graduate of UCLA and served as Assistant Professor of Pharmacology at the UCLA School of Medicine. He instructed in drug metabolism, pharmacokinetics and absorption, distribution and elimination of drugs, and assay issues involving anabolic steroids. He presently serves as consultant for bioanalytical and clinical chemistry, agricultural chemistry, and drug testing. Another reviewing Pharmacologist in New Jersey is Executive Director of a consulting group with prior experience as Assistant Director in Medical Products Management for a large pharmaceutical company. Our Pharmacology expert in Michigan has particular expertise in Clinical Pharmacy as does another such expert from New Jersey. The latter medical expert is also Board-certified by the American Board of Clinical Pharmacology.